Meghalaya Government Schemes for Farmers and Unemployed Educated Youth

July 06, 2020

Meghalaya Government Schemes for Farmers and Unemployed Educated Youth

In India, more than 70% of rural households depend on agriculture as their primary means of livelihood. Combined, agriculture, forestry and fisheries account for one-third of India’s GDP, making them the single largest contributor (13.9%, 2013-14) the country’s economy. With numbers like that, it is no wonder that government schemes for farmers abound, which provide a large platform to expand and grow the agricultural sector along with its allied sectors.

Meghalaya Government Schemes for Farmers Aimed at Developing Agriculture

And Meghalaya is no exception to the above rule either. Two-thirds of the state’s work force relies on agriculture and its allied sectors. And to cap that, agriculture contributes about 20% to Meghalaya’s GDP. Yet, only 9.87% of the state’s geographical area forms part of the agricultural real estate. This irony can be explained by the fact that the majority, if not all, of the farmers in Meghalaya are subsistence farmers with an average land holding of about half an acre. But this alone is not the only reason why government faces an annual 1.22 lakh tonne deficit to feed the state’s burgeoning population. The state’s farmers also face an uphill task with respect to marketing, transportation, the undulating topography, storage and refrigeration, among others. How ICAR is helping farmers Several schemes and programs have been initiated by the Meghalaya government for farmers and the youth alike that are aimed at increasing agricultural productivity, support higher studies in agriculture, provide assistance with farm mechanization, training workshops and study tours for exposure to new methods of cultivation, among many others. Is there hope for the next generation of farmers? Download this ebook to find out.

Schemes and Programs Available With the Government of Meghalaya

Listed below are some schemes and programs relevant to the promotion and development of agriculture:
Scheme Benefit Type Scheme description Scheme window
Agriculture Academic Studies1 Education benefit Sponsoring of seat for undergoing 4 years’ degree course in Agriculture/ Horticulture. 1st April 2014 to 31st March 2020
Agriculture Engineering (Mechanical)2 Subsidy To provide hiring of power tillers and paddy reapers to farmers at 60% subsidy. Up to 31st March 2020
Agriculture Information Unit2 Incentives To strengthen agriculture extension programme by disseminating news on the latest scientific and farmer friendly methods of cultivation. 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Basic Agriculture Training Centre2 Subsidy To provide short term vocational training for educated unemployed youths in agriculture enterprises 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Bio Control Laboratory2 Subsidy Supply of Bio control agents to farmers with aim to control pests and diseases including weeds and rodents through bio control agents. 1st March 2013 to 31st March 2020
Development and Maintenance of Orchard cum Horticulture Nurseries3 Subsidy For production and multiplication of good, high yielding, diseased free planting materials for distribution to farmers 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Development of Strawberry Cultivation3 Subsidy To provide farmers with quality and improved varieties of strawberry planting materials so as to encourage area expansion under this crop such that commercialisation horticulture under this crop is achieved. 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Farmers Training Institute2 Training FTI conducts specialised training in new areas where farmers were hitherto unaware including conducting exposure visit and field tours to agriculturally advanced States. 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Floriculture Development Scheme3 Subsidy To motivate the farmers to take up floriculture as a commercial venture through subsidized distribution of planting materials and other inputs. 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Fruit Development (Temperate or Citrus Fruits)3 Subsidy To promote fruit production in the State by providing improved planting materials, budded plants of different fruit trees; provision of plant and grafts, garden tools, implements at 50% subsidy 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Fruit Processing Centre (Horticulture)3 Incentives For utilisation of surplus fruit and vegetables and conversion of the same to marketable processed products like jam, jelly, squashes, thereby creating a market for fruit growers. 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Grant in Aid to Agri and Horti Society Grant in aid Promotion and popularisation of floriculture and other horticulture activities in the State 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Horticulture Information Scheme3 Incentives To provide support to horticulture extension programmes through different media. 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Indigenous Crops Development3 Material benefits To identify and document indigenous plants and the areas where potential species of commercially viable varieties are abundant, domesticating and raising them in selected cultivators land or in Government run farms for research and multiplication programme. 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Integrated Basin Development (Horticulture)3 Subsidy To make available to the farmers good quality planting materials including other inputs with full package of practices, free of cost 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Integrated Farming in Micro Watershed2 Subsidy To promote integrated farming activities for improved livelihood in complementary manner 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Jute technology mission2 Subsidy To supply quality seeds to farmers at 50% subsidy and to take up demonstration programmes on jute 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Organic Manures including Vermicomposting and Compost Pit (Horticulture)3 Subsidy To affirm that vermiculture, vermicomposting and composting of organic matters are viable alternative manures to chemical fertilisers and to motivate farmers in this line. Field trials of availability recycled organic manures are given priority. 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Plantation development (Areca nut, Cashew, Coconut)3 Incentives To provide financial assistance to the farmers, 33% subsidy for purchasing of planting materials, polypipes. Financial assistance at 50% subsidy for construction of Areca nut bookage tank 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Plant Protection including IPM (Agriculture)2 Subsidy Aim to Control Pests and diseases including weeds and rodents. 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Plant Protection including IPM (Horticulture)3 Subsidy Aim to Control Pests and diseases including weeds and rodents of horticultural crops by distribution of pesticides and equipment at 50% subsidy. 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Regional Centre for training and production of mushroom3 Subsidy To train farmers in the method of mushroom cultivation, to supply quality spawn and pasteurised compost to farmers. 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Seed Farm - Production of Cereals, Pulses, Oilseeds etc.2 Subsidy Focused and high quality seed production of cereals, pulses and oilseeds etc. 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Seed Testing Lab and Seed Certification2 Subsidy To Provide seed testing services for farmers and establishment of seed certification lab. 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Soil Testing Lab2 Subsidy For analysing soil samples preceding application of fertilizer in correct dosage in farmers’ field. 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Special development programme for areas bordering Assam2 Subsidy To uplift small and marginal farmers residing in areas bordering Assam with suitable crop enterprises. 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Spices development - Ginger, Turmeric, Black Pepper, Cardamom, Coriander, Cinnamon and Chillies3 Subsidy To assist Spice growers by distribution of quality planting materials, plant protection chemicals including tools and implements at 50% subsidy. 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
State Rice Mission2 Subsidy Increase rice production and productivity in the state to meet the consumption requirement and to bridge the deficit between demand and availability to consumers. 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Tea Development3 Subsidy To continue experimental plantation of tea and to find the possibility of growing tea economically as well as in commercial scale. Seedlings are raised in the experimental station and distributed free to farmers. 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Training of Rural Educated Youth for Self-Employment in Farm Based Activities4 Training Scheme is to open opportunities for rural educated unemployed youths to take up agriculture as an enterprise for gainful employment. Trainees will be assisted with seed money to start their respective ventures on successful completion. 1st April 2014 to 31st March 2020
Tuber Crops Development - Potato, Tapioca, Colocasia3 Subsidy To boost up production of Potato by providing quality HYV seeds, chemicals and equipment at 50% subsidy. The Scheme also aims to popularised and encourage cultivation of tapioca, colocasia, sweet potato etc. 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Vegetable Development Scheme3 Subsidy To promote vegetable production in the State by providing high yielding/ hybrid seeds of different crops; provision of garden tools at 50% subsidy. 100% assistance is provided to growers under protected cultivation and trellis for squash cultivation. 1st April 2014 to 31st March 2020
Vegetable Garden Development Scheme3 Subsidy To make available nutritious crops to every household having available kitchen garden of more than 200 Sq. Metres area for cultivation of organic vegetables. Any adult members of rural household who demand employment and are willing to do unskilled manual work. 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
Winter Cropping and development of cultivable land2 Subsidy Aims at area expansion of Cereal, Pulses, oilseeds, and vegetables during Rabi season 1st April 2013 to 31st March 2020
1 Students who have passed 10+2 in Science can apply in prescribed form as and when it is so advertised. 2 Bonafide farmers can apply in plain paper through the nearest Agriculture Development Officer of a CD Block/Agriculture Circle 3 Bonafide farmers can apply in plain paper through the nearest Horticulture Development Officer of a CD Block/Horticulture Circle 4 Bonafide farmers can apply in prescribed form through the District Agriculture Officer/ District Horticulture Officer of their respective district. In India, more than 70% of rural households depend on agriculture as their primary means of livelihood. Combined, agriculture, forestry and fisheries account for one-third of India’s GDP, making them the single largest contributor (13.9%, 2013-14) the country’s economy. With numbers like that, it is no wonder that government schemes for farmers abound, which provide a large platform to expand and grow the agricultural sector along with its allied sectors.

Meghalaya Government Schemes for Farmers Aimed at Developing Agriculture

And Meghalaya is no exception to the above rule either. Two-thirds of the state’s work force relies on agriculture and its allied sectors. And to cap that, agriculture contributes about 20% to Meghalaya’s GDP. Yet, only 9.87% of the state’s geographical area forms part of the agricultural real estate. This irony can be explained by the fact that the majority, if not all, of the farmers in Meghalaya are subsistence farmers with an average land holding of about half an acre. But this alone is not the only reason why government faces an annual 1.22 lakh tonne deficit to feed the state’s burgeoning population. The state’s farmers also face an uphill task with respect to marketing, transportation, the undulating topography, storage and refrigeration, among others.

What are The Next Steps?

With-all-the-available-government-schemes-for-farmers,-the-next-step-is-ensuring-that-they-actually-reach-the-farmers.So with so many schemes available, how is it that the farmers of the state are not able to capitalize? In an Agricultural Economics Research Review study, of the 600 farmers survey in Tamil Nadu, only half were aware of government sponsored insurance schemes/ products. And it may be fairly safe to assume that the same can be extrapolated to Meghalaya. What is missing is information and the dissemination of the same to the farmers. The potential of Meghalaya and the rest of Northeast India is only waiting to be discovered and realised. The government has taken the first step forward by providing the kinds of schemes and programs that will not only elevate the farmer but also put the region’s agricultural potential on the country’s map prominently. If you are connected to a farmer in any way, please share the above schemes and programs so that they may benefit and also share in their communities. Store CTA Shop Now Zizira


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