Lantana camara is a perennial flowering plant found in tropical areas. It is indigenous to America and Africa but can be now found as an exotic species in many other places of Europe, Asia and Oceania.
The Lantana Plant is beautiful ornamental shrub and in Meghalaya before people-built walls between their homes in the city of Shillong. The people of the city used the Lantana Plant as hedge plant, it was how homes were separated from one another. Yes, a lot of management went into prevent the Lantana Plant from becoming an agricultural weed.
The Lantana plant is known for its clustered flowering form with an aromatic scent. Lantana flowers display bright tinges of yellow, red, pink and orange.
One of the fondest memories of a Shillong child back then would be one where they used the Lantana flower to make bracelets. It was a time where children ran out to play outside and all they wanted to be was outside, which has now become a lesser and lesser sight. The playground was their whole village or the whole locality. Children could run and play and when the sun would start to set their mothers would call them back home in a melodic tone, “Ohhh Thei, Thei, wan noh sha iing”, which translates to “Ohhh Thei, Thei, it is time to come back home”. Children would say their bid their friends goodbye for the day and run back home.
However, as mentioned the Lantana camara is considered an invasive weed in most areas, even in Meghalaya. Meghalaya is a north-eastern state in India.
It grows wildly in these parts, very visible on barren lands at low and medium altitudes and as climbers on walls or growing viciously in the gardens of homes. It seems to thrive wherever it is.
The plant is said to release a chemical called allelopathy into its surrounding that prevents germination of native flora. It forms dense thickets and spreads quickly.
“Lantana plant is considered an invasive weed. These shrubs grow wildly here; it may as well be growing in your backyard! But the true benefit of this so-called weed is what everyone’s overlooking”.
Despite its reputation as a no-good weed, the Zizira explorers have discovered that the Lantana Camara has lots of hidden potentials. As you are aware, we at Zizira are constantly on a path of exploring the exotic and natural flora of Meghalaya and spotting things little known, read more about Amazing Power Of Herbs And Plants For Traditional Healing. The team found interesting ways of using Lantana plant.
Let's look at some of Lantana Camara's uses and benefits.
Lantana Camara Uses and Benefits:
- Good for landscaping: One of the benefits of Lantana Camara plant is, it makes a good choice for garden landscaping. It can be used for a border or as ground cover. It is drought and salt tolerant and can also be used for dry landscaping. It is easy to cultivate, drought resistant and lasts throughout the summer. The Lantana flower adds to a good looking landscape.
- Aids process of cross pollination: Lantana flowers attracts a wide variety of butterflies, bees and even humming birds. They are the staple for these pollinating agents. Growing Lantana in the garden can benefit other plants in flowering as it aids the process of cross pollination.
- Medicinal properties of the leaves: Lantana Camara has amazing health benefits too. According to a published medical review on medicinal properties of lantana, its leaves are used for treating malaria, chickenpox, asthma, ulcer, swelling, eczema, tumour, high blood pressure, bilious fever, sores, measles, fevers, colds and high blood pressure.
- A source of essential oil: Lantana essential oil is extracted from the leaves through steam distillation method. The extract has a pale yellow colour and its aroma exhibits woody undertone and scent like that of basil. The processed and tested lantana essential oil is used externally for treating skin irritation, leprosy, and scabies. It is also an antiseptic for wounds.
- Here are a few more Lantana camara uses: Lantana camara can be used as an eco-friendly and durable wood polymer composite for making baskets, foot mats and pen cases. Long straight stems make a decent friction timber for starting a fire. Source
- Uses of Lantana camara in Ayurveda: Lantana camara, which belongs to the Verbenaceae family has been an important coniferous plant in ayurvedic and indigenous medicinal systems. The different parts of plant extract have been used for various illnesses.
Caution for growing or using lantana plant:
Even though Lantana Camara offers tremendous benefits, make sure you are wearing gloves while planting or plucking this plant. Wash your hands after touching them. All parts of the plant are poisonous and should not be consumed.
Here are other creative ways of using Lantana in your homes.
Using Lantana Essential Oil at Home:
- Essential oil extract of lantana plant has a floral-woody fragrance and can be mixed with water and sprayed to refresh a room.
- You can use it as a diffuser blend. Add a few drops of the essential oil to your liquid detergent, wash your sweaters or flannel shirts with it for a blissful scent of woodiness.
- Use it as a freshener while you clean your home. This is simple - add a few drops of the essential oil in each new bag you put in your vacuum. If your vacuum has a washable filter then you can add a few drops in the filter. As you vacuum your house, it will smell amazing!
- You can add it with disinfectants or water used for mopping to make your home smell fresh and natural.
- Add a few drops on your furnace air filters. Let the scent diffuse throughout your homes.
Do you have any other creative ways to use the lantana plant?
Tell us in the comments below.
I have heard the nitrogen content is high and it fixes N in the soil?
It certainly makes good mulch and compost
It is most prolific and productive. Some call it ‘Natures scar tissue’
It is easy to break up by hand, and can be pulled up when small and ground moist (wearing gloves)
Birds of course eat the berries and value the shelter
Lantans can be used to stop bleeding i.e helps in clotting
You can add lantana camara leaves to to lemon extract in a glass then add sprite drink …..sweet cocktail
Venkatesh VT VT
Lantana is loved by all kinds of sunbirds in India & it’s a lovely sight to see the bird perching on it for drawing nectar.Even I have seen common iora on the plant.All kinds of butterflies also love the plant